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Gynecologic cancers are cancers that start in the female reproductive organs, including the:
Approximately 82,000 women each year are diagnosed with a new gynecologic cancer. These cancers vary widely in their causes, risk factors, treatments and chance for cure.
Women experiencing any of these symptoms should speak with their doctor as soon as possible:
Many women each year are found to have masses in the adnexa, which is the area next to the uterus.
Because sometimes it can be difficult to determine which of these masses are cancers, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) and the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) have issued guidelines as to when these women should be referred to a gynecologic oncologist for evaluation (ACOG Committee Opinion No. 477, Obstet Gynecol 2011;117:742-6):
Premenopausal womenCA125 level > 200AscitesEvidence of abdominal or distant metastasesBreast or ovarian cancer in a first-degree relative
Postmenopausal womenCA125 level > 35AscitesNodular or fixed pelvic massEvidence of abdominal or distant metastasesBreast or ovarian cancer in a first-degree relative
The following external links may be additional helpful resources:
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