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Photo of  Jonathan A. Forbes, MD

Jonathan A. Forbes, MD

Associate Professor of Clinical

Residency Program Director

Neurosurgery | College of Medicine

  • Fellowship: New York Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medical College (Minimally-Invasive Skull Base Surgery)
  • Residency: Vanderbilt University Medical Center (Neurological Surgery)
  • Medical Degree: University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
  • Bachelor's Degree: Grove City College
Board Certifications & Licenses

American Board of Neurological Surgery (Certification Date: 2018-11-03)


Neurological Surgery

Contact Information

Clinical Interests


Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma)

Acute Nerve Lacerations


Arachnoid Cysts

Arnold-Chiari Malformation



Basilar Impression

Basilar Invagination

Benign or Malignant Cranial Nerve Tumors

Benign Peripheral Nerve Tumor

Brachial Plexus Injury

Brachial Plexus Neuropathies

Brain Abscess

Brain Aneurysm (Cerebral aneurysm)

Brain Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)

Brain Cyst

Brain Hemorrhage

Brain Metastases

Brain Stem Tumor

Brain Tumor

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Cavernous Hemangioma

Cavernous Malformations

Central Nervous System Tumors

Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations

Cerebellar Cancers

Cerebral Ventricle Tumor

Cervical Radiculopathy (pinched nerve)

Chiari Malformation


Colloid Cysts

Cranial Nerve Disease

Cranial Nerve Injuries


Epidural Tumor

Facial Nerve Disease

Facial nerve injury

Facial Neuralgia

Facial Pain





Glioneuronal Tumor




Herniated Discs


Infratentorial Cancers

Intracranial Aneurysm

Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations

Intracranial Venous Malformations

Leptomeningeal Disease

Lumbar Radiculopathy

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor

Metastatic Brain Tumor

Nerve Sheath Tumors

Nerve Tumors

Nervous System Tumor





Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenoma

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus


Peripheral Nerve Disorders

Peripheral Nerve Injury

Peripheral Nerve Tumors

Peripheral Nervous System Disease

Peripheral Neuropathy

Pinched Nerve

Pineal Tumor

Pituitary Adenoma

Pituitary Tumor

Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension)

Ruptured Aneurysm



Sinonasal Skull Base Tumors

Skull-Base Tumors

Spinal Cord Compression

Spinal Fluid Leaks

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal Tumors

Spinal Vascular Malformations

Subependymal Glioma

Trigeminal Nerve Injuries

Trigeminal Neuralgia (Tic douloureux)

Peer Reviewed Publications

Forbes, Jonathan A; Kumar, Chitra; McGough, Dan; Palmisciano, Paolo; Hussein, Ahmed E; Zhebrykov, Dmytro; Gibson, Justin; Andaluz, Norberto; Sedaghat, Ahmad R; Prestigiacomo, Charles J; Mendez-Rosito, Diego; Virojanapa, Justin; Phillips, Katie M; Schwartz, Theodore H; Cheng, Joseph S 2023. Anterior occipital condyle screw placement through the endonasal corridor: proof of concept study with cadaveric analysis. European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society, ,

Campbell, Brooke; Anderson, Zoe; Han, Daewoo; Nebor, Ivanna; Forbes, Jonathan; Steckl, Andrew J 2022. Electrospinning of cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives for human dural repair in endonasal surgery. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, 110 3, 660-667

Forbes, Jonathan A; Nebor, Ivanna; Hussein, Ahmad; Woodhouse, Cody; Ceja, David Gallardo; Avendano-Pradel, Rafael; Andaluz, Norberto; Sedaghat, Ahmad R; Phillips, Katie; Prestigiacomo, Charles; Virojanapa, Justin; Cheng, Joseph; Rosito, Diego Mendez; Zuccarello, Mario 2022. Roadmap to Ventral Craniocervical Junction Through the Endonasal Corridor: Anatomic Evaluation of Inverted U-Shaped Nasopharyngeal Flap Exposure in a Cadaveric Study. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.), 23 1, e2-e9

Forbes, Jonathan A; Palmisciano, Paolo; McGough, Daniel; Kumar, Chitra; Hussein, Ahmed E; Slobodyan, Alesia; Kaye, Joel; Matur, Abhijith V; McGuire, Jennifer L; Andaluz, Norberto; Phillips, Katie M; Prestigiacomo, Charles J; Ashghar, Ferhan; Virojanapa, Justin; Cheng, Joseph S 2022. C1 Lateral Mass Screw Placement Through Endonasal Corridor for Purpose of O-C1 Fusion: Morphometric Analysis in Cadaveric Specimens. World neurosurgery, ,

Hoz, Samer S; Abdulsada, Alkawthar M; Ismail, Mustafa; Alfawares, Yara; Forbes, Jonathan A; Prestigiacomo, Charles J; Andaluz, Norberto 2022. The functional anatomy of the foramina of Luschka revisited. Surgical neurology international, 13 , 512

Kemper, Nathan; Shapiro, Scott B; Mains, Allie; Lipschitz, Noga; Breen, Joseph; Hazenfield, John Michael; Zuccarello, Mario; Forbes, Jonathan; Samy, Ravi N 2022. Multi-Disciplinary Skull Base Conference and its Effects on Patient Management. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 131 3, 277-280

Markosian, Christopher; Soroka, Mariya; Forbes, Jonathan A; Tomycz, Luke D 2022. Letter: Capacity Building for Surgical Epilepsy Care in Ukraine. Neurosurgery, ,

Nebor, Ivanna; Anderson, Zoe; Mejia-Munne, Juan C; Hussein, Ahmed; Montemagno, Kora; Fumagalli, Rebecca; Labiad, Ikrame; Patil, Yash; Andaluz, Norberto; Sedaghat, Ahmad R; Zuccarello, Mario; Forbes, Jonathan A 2022. 2D versus 3D Endoscopy: Head-to-Head Comparison in a Simulated Model of Endoscopic Endonasal Dural Suturing. Journal of neurological surgery. Part B, Skull base, 83 4, 423-429

Nebor, Ivanna; Hussein, Ahmed E; Montemagno, Kora; Fumagalli, Rebecca; Labiad, Ikrame; Xu, Alice; Anderson, Zoe; Patil, Yash; Sedaghat, Ahmad R; Forbes, Jonathan A 2022. Primary Dural Repair via an Endoscopic Endonasal Corridor: Preliminary Development of a 3D-Printed Model for Training. Journal of neurological surgery. Part B, Skull base, 83 Suppl 2, e260-e265

Palmisciano, Paolo; Al Fawares, Yara; Woodhouse, Cody; Yang, George; Xu, Alice; d'Herbemont, Sophie; Hoang, Stanley; McGuire, Jennifer L; Phillips, Katie M; Cheng, Joseph; Forbes, Jonathan A 2022. The Impact of C1 Anterior Arch Preservation on Spine Stability After Odontoidectomy: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. World neurosurgery, ,

Shah, Sanjit; Manzoor, Saima; Rothman, Yehudit; Hagen, Matthew; Pater, Luke; Golnik, Karl; Mahammedi, Abdelkader; Lin, Andrew L; Bhabhra, Ruchi; Forbes, Jonathan A; Sengupta, Soma 2022. Complete Response of a Patient With a Mismatch Repair Deficient Aggressive Pituitary Adenoma to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy: A Case Report. Neurosurgery, 91 2, e51-e56

Smith, Kathleen; Ventre, Giancarlo J; Palmisciano, Paolo; Hussein, Ahmed E; Hoz, Samer S; Forbes, Jonathan A; Lowrie, Donald J; Zuccarello, Mario; Andaluz, Norberto; Prestigiacomo, Charles J 2022. Brain Vasculature Color-Labeling Using the Triple-Injection Method in Cadaveric Heads: A Technical Note for Improved Teaching and Research in Neurovascular Anatomy. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.), ,

Body, Alaina M; Matur, Abhijith V; Gudla, Shushma; Kendler, Ady; Sedaghat, Ahmad; Bhabhra, Ruchi; Prestigiacomo, Charles J; Forbes, Jonathan A 2021. Comprehensive Diagnosis and Surgical Management of Cushing Disease: Two-Dimensional Angiographic and Operative Video. World neurosurgery, 148 , 188

Emmert, A Scott; Hussein, Ahmed E; Slobodian, Olesia; Krueger, Bryan; Bhabhra, Ruchi; Hagen, Matthew C; Pickle, Sarah; Forbes, Jonathan A 2021. Case Report of Transgender Patient with Gonadotropic Dysfunction Secondary to Craniopharyngioma: Toward Improving Understanding of Biopsychosocial Dynamics of Gender Identity in Neurosurgical Care. World neurosurgery, 145 , 448-453

Matur, Abhijith V; Body, Alaina M; Johnson, Mark D; Smith, Matthew S; Bhabhra, Ruchi; Lester, Emily J; Stahl, Trisha L; Grossman, Aaron W; Shirani, Peyman; Forbes, Jonathan A; Prestigiacomo, Charles J 2021. An algorithm to improve lateralization accuracy of inferior petrosal sinus sampling: procedural nuances for complex patterns of venous drainage. Patient series. Journal of neurosurgery. Case lessons, 2 13, CASE21374

Tomycz, Luke D; Markosian, Christopher; Kurilets, Igor; Lovha, Mykhailo; Kashyrina, Oleksandra; Netliukh, Andrii; Kostiuk, Kostiantyn; Cheburakhin, Valeriy; Polishchuk, Andriy; Forbes, Jonathan; Cohen, Michael; Miley, Jefferson; Geck, Matthew; Siryk, Hanna; Mykytyn, Taras; Diakiv, Volodymyr; Salo, Viktor; Yushchak, Igor; Soroka, Mariya; Kurilets, Igor 2021. The Co-Pilot Project: An International Neurosurgical Collaboration in Ukraine. World neurosurgery, 147 , e491-e515

Mendez Rosito, Diego; Forbes, Jonathan A 2020. Pterional Craniotomy for Resection of Clinoidal Meningioma Associated With an Aerated Anterior Clinoid Process: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.), 18 2, E43

Shapiro, Scott B; Lipschitz, Noga; Tumlin, Parker; Krueger, Bryan; Forbes, Jonathan; Samy, Ravi N 2020. Bilateral Sequential Spontaneous Otogenic Pneumocephalus, Lessons in Pathophysiology, and Management of a Rare Case. Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology, 41 10, 1387-1390

Woodhouse, Cody; Slobodian, Olesia; Nebor, Ivanna; Xu, Alice; Zhebrykov, Dmytro; Montemagno, Kora; Kashyrina, Oleksandra; Matern, Tyson; Hoang, Stanley; Mendez-Rosito, Diego; Cheng, Joseph; Forbes, Jonathan 2020. Risk of Infection Associated with Transmucosal Placement of Instrumentation in Clean-Contaminated Field: Systematic Analysis. World neurosurgery, 135 , 330-334

Foreman, Brandon; Cass, Daryn; Forbes, Jonathan; Ngwenya, Laura B 2019. A Bedside, Single Burr Hole Approach to Multimodality Monitoring in Severe Brain Injury. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, 145,

Ordóñez-Rubiano, Edgar G; Valderrama-Arias, Francisco A; Forbes, Jonathan A; Johnson, Jason M; Younus, Iyan; Marín-Muñoz, Jorge H; Sánchez-Montaño, Mariana; Angulo, Diego A; Cifuentes-Lobelo, Hernando A; Cortes-Lozano, William; Pedraza-Ciro, Maria C; Bello-Dávila, May Leonardo; Patiño-Gómez, Javier G; Ordóñez-Mora, Edgar G 2019. Identification of Preoperative Language Tracts for Intrinsic Frontotemporal Diseases: A Pilot Reconstruction Algorithm in a Middle-Income Country. World neurosurgery, 125 , e729-e742

Forbes, Jonathan A; D'herbemont, Sophie; Lehner, Kurt R; Pineda Martinez, Diego; Navarro-Chávez, Ignacio P; Mendez Rosito, Diego; Schwartz, Theodore H 2018. Feasibility of endoscopic endonasal approach for clip application of cerebral aneurysms: a systematic review. Journal of neurosurgical sciences, 62 6, 650-657

Forbes,J. A., D'Herbemont,S., Lehner,K. R., Pineda Martinez,D., Navarro-Chavez,I. P., Mendez Rosito,D., Schwartz,T. H. 2018. Feasibility of endoscopic endonasal approach for clip application of cerebral aneurysms: a systematic review Journal of neurosurgical sciences, ,

Forbes,J. A., Teschan,N., Jones,S. H., Parry,P., Simonet,L., Swamy,N. K. 2018. Cervical corpectomy for resection of ventral intramedullary capillary hemangioma with circumferential involvement of the anterior spinal artery: case report Journal of neurosurgery.Spine, , 1

Ordóñez-Rubiano, Edgar G; Forbes, Jonathan A; Morgenstern, Peter F; Arko, Leopold; Dobri, Georgiana A; Greenfield, Jeffrey P; Souweidane, Mark M; Tsiouris, Apostolos John; Anand, Vijay K; Kacker, Ashutosh; Schwartz, Theodore H 2018. Preserve or sacrifice the stalk? Endocrinological outcomes, extent of resection, and recurrence rates following endoscopic endonasal resection of craniopharyngiomas. Journal of neurosurgery, , 1-9

Ottenhausen,M., Rumalla,K., Alalade,A. F., Nair,P., La Corte,E., Younus,I., Forbes,J. A., Ben Nsir,A., Banu,M. A., Tsiouris,A. J., Schwartz,T. H. 2018. Decision-making algorithm for minimally invasive approaches to anterior skull base meningiomas Neurosurgical focus, 44 4, E7

Younus, Iyan; Forbes, Jonathan A; Ordóñez-Rubiano, Edgar G; Avendano-Pradel, Rafael; La Corte, Emanuele; Anand, Vijay K; Schwartz, Theodore H 2018. Radiation therapy rather than prior surgery reduces extent of resection during endonasal endoscopic reoperation for craniopharyngioma. Acta neurochirurgica, 160 7, 1425-1431

Ottenhausen,M., Rumalla,K., LA Corte,E., Alalade,A., Nair,P., Forbes,J., Ben Nsir,A., Schwartz,T. H. 2017. Treatment strategies for craniopharyngiomas Journal of neurosurgical sciences, ,

Zusman,E. E., Friedlander,R. M., Forbes,J. A. 2017. Is There a Formula for Residency Selection of Future Academic Neurosurgeons? World neurosurgery, 105 , 988

Douleh,D. G., Morone,P. J., Forbes,J. A., Thompson,R. C. 2016. Intracranial Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma Mimicking Meningioma World neurosurgery, 91 , 676.e9

Forbes, Jonathan A; Williams, Jason; Awad, Ahmed J; Tiger, Michael; Anderson, Brett; Finnan, Ryan 2016. Use of Intramedullary K-Wire to Enhance Fibular Graft Placement in 4-Level Thoracolumbar Corpectomy for Pott Disease: Case Report and Review of Literature. World neurosurgery, 89 , 404-11

Forbes,J. A., Laughlin,I., Newberry,S., Ryhn,M., Pasley,J., Newberry,T. 2016. Stratification of risk to the surgical team in removal of small arms ammunition implanted in the craniofacial region: case report Journal of neurosurgery, 125 3, 661

Forbes,J. A., Williams,J., Awad,A. J., Tiger,M., Anderson,B., Finnan,R. 2016. Use of Intramedullary K-Wire to Enhance Fibular Graft Placement in 4-Level Thoracolumbar Corpectomy for Pott Disease: Case Report and Review of Literature World neurosurgery, 89 , 404

He,L., Forbes,J. A., Carr,K., Highfield Nickols,H., Utz,A., Moots,P., Weaver,K. 2016. Response of silent corticotroph pituitary carcinoma to chemotherapy: case report Journal of neurosurgical sciences, 60 2, 272

Mistry,A. M., Niesner,K. J., Lake,W. B., Forbes,J. A., Shannon,C. N., Kasl,R. A., Konrad,P. E., Neimat,J. S. 2016. Neurovascular Compression at the Root Entry Zone Correlates with Trigeminal Neuralgia and Early Microvascular Decompression Outcome World neurosurgery, 95 , 208

Zuckerman,S. L., Morgan,C. D., Burks,S., Forbes,J. A., Chambless,L. B., Solomon,G. S., Sills,A. K. 2015. Functional and Structural Traumatic Brain Injury in Equestrian Sports: A Review of the Literature World neurosurgery, 83 6, 1098

Forbes,J. A., Carlson,M. L., Godil,S. S., Bennett,M. L., Wanna,G. B., Weaver,K. D. 2014. Retrosigmoid craniotomy for resection of acoustic neuroma with hearing preservation: a video publication Neurosurgical focus, 36 1 Suppl, 1

Forbes,J. A., Zuckerman,S., Abla,A. A., Mocco,J., Bode,K., Eads,T. 2014. Biomechanics of subdural hemorrhage in American football: review of the literature in response to rise in incidence Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 30 2, 197

Tomycz,L., Forbes,J., Ladner,T., Kahn,E., Maris,A., Neimat,J., Konrad,P. 2014. Open thoracic cordotomy as a treatment option for severe, debilitating pain Journal of neurological surgery.Part A, Central European neurosurgery, 75 2, 126

Zuckerman,S. L., Forbes,J. A., Mistry,A. M., Krishnamoorthi,H., Weaver,S., Mathews,L., Cheng,J. S., McGirt,M. J. 2014. Electrophysiologic deterioration in surgery for thoracic disc herniation: impact of mean arterial pressures on surgical outcome European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society, 23 11, 2279

Awad,A. J., Forbes,J. A., Jermakowicz,W., Eli,I. M., Blumenkopf,B., Konrad,P. 2013. Experience with 25 years of dorsal root entry zone lesioning at a single institution Surgical neurology international, 4 , 64

Forbes,J. A., Pearson,M. M. 2013. Response. Pilomyxoid astrocytoma Journal of neurosurgery.Pediatrics, 11 5, 614

Forbes,J. A., Zuckerman,S. L., He,L., McCalley,E., Lee,Y. M., Solomon,G. S., Halstead,P. D., Sills,A. K. 2013. Subdural hemorrhage in two high-school football players: post-injury helmet testing Pediatric neurosurgery, 49 1, 43

Chambless,L. B., Mawn,L. A., Forbes,J. A., Thompson,R. C. 2012. Porous polyethylene implant reconstruction of the orbit after resection of spheno-orbital meningiomas: a novel technique Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, 40 1, e28

Forbes,J. A., Awad,A. J., Zuckerman,S., Carr,K., Cheng,J. S. 2012. Association between biomechanical parameters and concussion in helmeted collisions in American football: a review of the literature Neurosurgical focus, 33 6, E10: 1

Forbes,J. A., Brock,A. A., Ghiassi,M., Thompson,R. C., Haynes,D. S., Tsai,B. S. 2012. Jugulotympanic paragangliomas: 75 years of evolution in understanding Neurosurgical focus, 33 2, E13

Forbes,J. A., Rivas,A., Tsai,B., Ehtesham,M., Zuckerman,S., Wanna,G., Weaver,K. 2012. Microsurgical localization of the cochlea in the extended middle fossa approach Journal of neurological surgery.Part B, Skull base, 73 6, 410

Kao,C., Forbes,J. A., Jermakowicz,W. J., Sun,D. A., Davis,B., Zhu,J., Lagrange,A. H., Konrad,P. E. 2012. Suppression of thalamocortical oscillations following traumatic brain injury in rats Journal of neurosurgery, 117 2, 316

Sourris, Karly C; Harcourt, Brooke E; Tang, Peter H; Morley, Amy L; Huynh, Karina; Penfold, Sally A; Coughlan, Melinda T; Cooper, Mark E; Nguyen, Tuong-Vi; Ritchie, Rebecca H; Forbes, Josephine M 2012. Ubiquinone (coenzyme Q10) prevents renal mitochondrial dysfunction in an experimental model of type 2 diabetes. Free radical biology & medicine, 52 3, 716-723

Stoker,M. A., Forbes,J. A., Hanif,R., Cooper,C., Nian,H., Konrad,P. E., Neimat,J. S. 2012. Decreased Rate of CSF Leakage Associated with Complete Reconstruction of Suboccipital Cranial Defects Journal of neurological surgery.Part B, Skull base, 73 4, 281

Zuckerman,S. L., Kuhn,A., Dewan,M. C., Morone,P. J., Forbes,J. A., Solomon,G. S., Sills,A. K. 2012. Structural brain injury in sports-related concussion Neurosurgical focus, 33 6, E6: 1

Zuckerman,S. L., Lee,Y. M., Odom,M. J., Solomon,G. S., Forbes,J. A., Sills,A. K. 2012. Recovery from sports-related concussion: Days to return to neurocognitive baseline in adolescents versus young adults Surgical neurology international, 3 , 130

Zuckerman,S. L., Solomon,G. S., Forbes,J. A., Haase,R. F., Sills,A. K., Lovell,M. R. 2012. Response to acute concussive injury in soccer players: is gender a modifying factor? Journal of neurosurgery.Pediatrics, 10 6, 504

Abla,A. A., Wait,S. D., Forbes,J. A., Pati,S., Johnsonbaugh,R. E., Kerrigan,J. F., Ng,Y. T. 2011. Syndrome of alternating hypernatremia and hyponatremia after hypothalamic hamartoma surgery Neurosurgical focus, 30 2, E6

Forbes,J. A., Chambless,L. B., Smith,J. G., Wushensky,C. A., Lebow,R. L., Alvarez,J., Pearson,M. M. 2011. Use of T2 signal intensity of cerebellar neoplasms in pediatric patients to guide preoperative staging of the neuraxis Journal of neurosurgery.Pediatrics, 7 2, 165

Forbes,J. A., Mobley,B. C., O'Lynnger,T. M., Cooper,C. M., Ghiassi,M., Hanif,R., Pearson,M. M. 2011. Pediatric cerebellar pilomyxoid-spectrum astrocytomas Journal of neurosurgery.Pediatrics, 8 1, 90

Forbes,J. A., Reig,A. S., Smith,J. G., Jermakowicz,W., Tomycz,L., Shay,S. D., Sun,D. A., Wushensky,C. A., Pearson,M. M. 2011. Findings on preoperative brain MRI predict histopathology in children with cerebellar neoplasms Pediatric neurosurgery, 47 1, 51

Forbes,J. A., Wilkerson,J., Chambless,L., Shay,S. D., Elswick,C. M., Abblitt,P. W., Adogwa,O., Russell,P., Weaver,K. D., Allen,G. S., Utz,A. L. 2011. Safety and cost effectiveness of early discharge following microscopic trans-sphenoidal resection of pituitary lesions Surgical neurology international, 2 , 66

Forbes,J., Cooper,C., Jermakowicz,W., Neimat,J., Konrad,P. 2011. Microvascular decompression: salient surgical principles and technical nuances Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (53):e2590. doi 53, e2590

Kao,C., Forbes,J. A., Stayman,A., Sun,D. A., Carron,R., Benabid,A. L., Konrad,P. 2011. High-frequency cortical stimulation augments recovery of thalamocortical oscillations from hypoxia in rat brain slices Neuromodulation : journal of the International Neuromodulation Society, 14 2, 104

Tomycz,L., Shekhawat,N., Forbes,J., Ghiassi,M., Ghiassi,M., Lockney,D., Velez,D., Mericle,R. 2011. The spectrum of management practices in nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage: A survey of high-volume centers in the United States Surgical neurology international, 2 , 90

Forbes,J. A., Reig,A. S., Tomycz,L. D., Tulipan,N. 2010. Intracranial hypertension caused by a depressed skull fracture resulting in superior sagittal sinus thrombosis in a pediatric patient: treatment with ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion Journal of neurosurgery.Pediatrics, 6 1, 23